McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Solution One fitter and also has a history of competing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis constructor, and has actually won the Canadian-American Difficulty Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing champion. The group is the second oldest active, and 2nd most effective Formula One group after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Chauffeurs' Championships and eight Contractors' Championships. The team is an entirely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their biggest preliminary success remained in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Further American accomplishment followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a screening mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their first Formula One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Task 4 Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and soon after arranged a buyout of the initial McLaren investors to take complete control of the group. This started the group's most effective period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between Discover more them seven Motorists' Champions and the team took 6 Fabricators' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later on their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams used the most consistent obstacle throughout this period, the two winning every manufacturers' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had actually transferred to Williams, and the team went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, more champions came in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the group corresponded front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, turning over to very long time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season given that 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time because 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season till at least 2024. After at first returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works chauffeur for the British Formula One group Cooper with whom he had won 3 Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Champion. Wanting to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, however when team owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman rules, Bruce chose to set up his own team to run him and his potential Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper automobiles.